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A England A England Basecoats, Topcoats & Treatments VideoElton John - Made In England London: Www Friendscout24 De Mobil, Lock. Retrieved 17 September However this failed to manifest and the Napoleonic forces were defeated by the British at sea by Lord Nelson and on land Glöckle Lotterie Gewinnzahlen the Duke of Wellington. Scottish students attending Scottish universities have their fees paid by the devolved Scottish Parliament.
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It also had a major influence on the form of the public parks and gardens which appeared around the world in the 19th century.
Today, some large-scale English gardens and English landscape gardens are popular visitor cultural attractions managed by both English Heritage and the National Trust.
The Chelsea Flower Show is held every year and is said to be the largest gardening show in the world. English folklore developed over many centuries.
Some of the characters and stories are present across England, but most belong to specific regions. Common folkloric beings include pixies , giants , elves , bogeymen , trolls , goblins and dwarves.
While many legends and folk-customs are thought to be ancient, such as the tales featuring Offa of Angel and Wayland the Smith ,  others date from after the Norman invasion.
The legends featuring Robin Hood and his Merry Men of Sherwood , and their battles with the Sheriff of Nottingham , are among the best-known of these.
During the High Middle Ages tales originating from Brythonic traditions entered English folklore and developed into the Arthurian myth.
Many of the tales and pseudo-histories make up part of the wider Matter of Britain , a collection of shared British folklore.
Some folk figures are based on semi or actual historical people whose story has been passed down centuries; Lady Godiva for instance was said to have ridden naked on horseback through Coventry , Hereward the Wake was a heroic English figure resisting the Norman invasion, Herne the Hunter is an equestrian ghost associated with Windsor Forest and Great Park and Mother Shipton is the archetypal witch.
The chivalrous bandit, such as Dick Turpin , is a recurring character, while Blackbeard is the archetypal pirate. There are various national and regional folk activities, participated in to this day, such as Morris dancing , Maypole dancing , Rapper sword in the North East, Long Sword dance in Yorkshire, Mummers Plays , bottle-kicking in Leicestershire, and cheese-rolling at Cooper's Hill.
Since the early modern period the food of England has historically been characterised by its simplicity of approach and a reliance on the high quality of natural produce.
The cuisine of England has, however, recently undergone a revival, which has been recognised by food critics with some good ratings in Restaurant ' s best restaurant in the world charts.
Traditional examples of English food include the Sunday roast , featuring a roasted joint usually beef, lamb , chicken or pork served with assorted vegetables, Yorkshire pudding and gravy.
Sausages are commonly eaten, either as bangers and mash or toad in the hole. Lancashire hotpot is a well-known stew originating in the northwest. Many Anglo-Indian hybrid dishes, curries , have been created, such as chicken tikka masala and balti.
Traditional English dessert dishes include apple pie or other fruit pies; spotted dick — all generally served with custard ; and, more recently, sticky toffee pudding.
Sweet pastries include scones either plain or containing dried fruit served with jam or cream, dried fruit loaves, Eccles cakes and mince pies as well as a wide range of sweet or spiced biscuits.
Common non-alcoholic drinks include tea, the popularity of which was increased by Catherine of Braganza ,  and coffee; frequently consumed alcoholic drinks include wine, ciders and English beers , such as bitter , mild , stout and brown ale.
The earliest known examples are the prehistoric rock and cave art pieces, most prominent in North Yorkshire , Northumberland and Cumbria , but also feature further south, for example at Creswell Crags.
There are numerous surviving artefacts, such as those at Lullingstone and Aldborough. The Tudor era saw prominent artists as part of their court, portrait painting which would remain an enduring part of English art, was boosted by German Hans Holbein , natives such as Nicholas Hilliard built on this.
In the 19th century, Constable and Turner were major landscape artists. Early authors such as Bede and Alcuin wrote in Latin.
Marvell was the best-known poet of the Commonwealth ,  while John Milton authored Paradise Lost during the Restoration. William Shakespeare.
More radical elements were later countered by Edmund Burke who is regarded as the founder of conservatism. In response to the Industrial Revolution , agrarian writers sought a way between liberty and tradition; William Cobbett , G.
Chesterton and Hilaire Belloc were main exponents, while the founder of guild socialism , Arthur Penty , and cooperative movement advocate G. Cole are somewhat related.
Wells and Lewis Carroll. Lawrence , Virginia Woolf , C. Tolkien , and J. The traditional folk music of England is centuries old and has contributed to several genres prominently; mostly sea shanties , jigs , hornpipes and dance music.
It has its own distinct variations and regional peculiarities. German-born George Frideric Handel spent most of his composing life in London and became a national icon in Britain, creating some of the most well-known works of classical music, especially his English oratorios, The Messiah , Solomon , Water Music , and Music for the Royal Fireworks.
In the field of popular music , many English bands and solo artists have been cited as the most influential and best-selling musicians of all time.
Large outdoor music festivals in the summer and autumn are popular, such as Glastonbury , V Festival , and the Reading and Leeds Festivals.
It is the largest open-air Asian festival in Europe. After the Notting Hill Carnival , it is the second-largest street festival in the United Kingdom attracting over 80, visitors from across the country.
Hitchcock and Lean are among the most critically acclaimed filmmakers. Major film studios in England include Pinewood , Elstree and Shepperton.
Some of the most commercially successful films of all time have been produced in England, including two of the highest-grossing film franchises Harry Potter and James Bond.
There are many museums in England, but perhaps the most notable is London's British Museum. Its collection of more than seven million objects  is one of the largest and most comprehensive in the world,  sourced from every continent, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginning to the present.
England has a strong sporting heritage, and during the 19th century codified many sports that are now played around the world. Sports originating in England include association football ,  cricket , rugby union , rugby league , tennis , boxing , badminton, squash ,  rounders ,  hockey , snooker , billiards , darts , table tennis, bowls , netball , thoroughbred horseracing, greyhound racing and fox hunting.
It has helped the development of golf , sailing and Formula One. Football is the most popular of these sports. The England national football team , whose home venue is Wembley Stadium , played Scotland in the first ever international football match in In the modern day, the Premier League is the world's most-watched football league,  most lucrative,  and amongst the elite.
As is the case throughout the UK, football in England is notable for the rivalries between clubs and the passion of the supporters, which includes a tradition of football chants.
Cricket is generally thought to have been developed in the early medieval period among the farming and metalworking communities of the Weald.
One of the game's top rivalries is The Ashes series between England and Australia , contested since The climax of the Ashes was viewed by 7.
William Penny Brookes was prominent in organising the format for the modern Olympic Games. England competes in the Commonwealth Games , held every four years.
Sport England is the governing body responsible for distributing funds and providing strategic guidance for sporting activity in England.
Rugby union originated in Rugby School , Warwickshire in the early 19th century. England was one of the host nations of the competition in the Rugby World Cup and also hosted the Rugby World Cup.
Rugby league was born in Huddersfield in Since , the England national rugby league team has been a full test nation in lieu of the Great Britain national rugby league team , which won three World Cups but is now retired.
Rugby League is most popular among towns in the northern English counties of Lancashire , Yorkshire and Cumbria.
Some of the most successful clubs include Wigan Warriors , Hull F. Golf has been prominent in England; due in part to its cultural and geographical ties to Scotland, the home of Golf.
The world's oldest golf tournament, and golf's first major is The Open Championship , played both in England and Scotland. The biennial golf competition, the Ryder Cup , is named after English businessman Samuel Ryder who sponsored the event and donated the trophy.
Tennis was created in Birmingham in the late 19th century, and the Wimbledon Championships is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and widely considered the most prestigious.
Fred Perry was the last Englishman to win Wimbledon in He was the first player to win all four Grand Slam singles titles  and helped lead the Great Britain team to four Davis Cup wins.
In boxing , under the Marquess of Queensberry Rules , England has produced many world champions across the weight divisions internationally recognised by the governing bodies.
Originating in 17th and 18th-century England, the thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing.
It is the most watched horse race in the UK, attracting casual observers, and three-time winner Red Rum is the most successful racehorse in the event's history.
England also has a rich heritage in Grand Prix motorcycle racing , the premier championship of motorcycle road racing , and produced several World Champions across all the various class of motorcycle: Mike Hailwood , John Surtees , Phil Read , Geoff Duke , and Barry Sheene.
Darts is a widely popular sport in England; a professional competitive sport, darts is a traditional pub game. Phil Taylor is widely regarded as the best darts player of all time, having won professional tournaments, and a record 16 World Championships.
Another popular sport commonly associated with pub games is Snooker , and England has produced several world champions, including Steve Davis and Ronnie O'Sullivan.
The English are keen sailors and enjoy competitive sailing ; founding and winning some of the world's most famous and respected international competitive tournaments across the various race formats, including the match race , a regatta, and the America's Cup.
The St George's Cross has been the national flag of England since the 13th century. Originally the flag was used by the maritime Republic of Genoa.
The English monarch paid a tribute to the Doge of Genoa from onwards so that English ships could fly the flag as a means of protection when entering the Mediterranean.
A red cross was a symbol for many Crusaders in the 12th and 13th centuries. It became associated with Saint George , along with countries and cities, which claimed him as their patron saint and used his cross as a banner.
There are numerous other symbols and symbolic artefacts, both official and unofficial, including the Tudor rose , the nation's floral emblem , and the Three Lions featured on the Royal Arms of England.
The Tudor rose was adopted as a national emblem of England around the time of the Wars of the Roses as a symbol of peace. It is also known as the Rose of England.
The Royal Oak symbol and Oak Apple Day commemorate the escape of King Charles II from the grasp of the parliamentarians after his father's execution: he hid in an oak tree to avoid detection before safely reaching exile.
The Royal Arms of England, a national coat of arms featuring three lions, originated with its adoption by Richard the Lionheart in It is blazoned as gules, three lions passant guardant or and it provides one of the most prominent symbols of England; it is similar to the traditional arms of Normandy.
England does not have an official designated national anthem, as the United Kingdom as a whole has God Save the Queen. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the country. For other uses, see England disambiguation. Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom.
Sovereign state Legal jurisdiction. See also: Toponymy of England. Main article: History of England. Main article: Prehistoric Britain. Main article: England in the Middle Ages.
Main article: Politics of England. Main article: English law. Main article: Subdivisions of England.
East Riding of Yorkshire. Greater London. Not shown: City of London. North Yorkshire. South Yorks. West Yorkshire. Greater Manc. East Sussex.
West Sussex. Isle of Wight. West Midlands. Ceremonial counties of England. Main article: Geography of England. Main article: Climate of England. See also: List of places in England.
Main article: Economy of England. Main articles: List of English inventions and discoveries and Royal Society. Main article: Transport in England.
Main article: Energy in the United Kingdom. Main article: Tourism in England. Main article: Healthcare in England. Main article: Demography of England.
Main article: English people. Majority native language. Official, but not majority language. Main article: Religion in England.
Further information: History of Christianity in England. Main article: Education in England. Main article: Culture of England.
Further information: English Renaissance. Main article: English folklore. Main article: English cuisine. Fish and chips is a very popular dish in England.
Apple pie has been consumed in England since the Middle Ages. In the s, Englishman Joseph Fry invented the world's first solid chocolate.
Chicken tikka masala , , adapted from Indian chicken tikka and called "a true British national dish.
Main article: English art. See also: Arts Council England. Main article: English literature. This royal throne of kings, this sceptred isle, this earth of majesty, this seat of Mars, this other Eden, demi-paradise; this fortress, built by nature for herself.
This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England. Further information: Folk music of England. See also: Music of the United Kingdom.
Thomas Tallis' "Lamentations I". See also: Cinema of the United Kingdom. Further information: List of museums in England. Main article: Sport in England.
Main article: National symbols of England. England portal United Kingdom portal. London's municipal population was also the largest in the EU.
Other Pagan paths, such as Wicca or Druidism, have not been included in this number. Other Pagan paths, such as Druidism, and general "Pagan" have not been included in this number.
Scottish students attending Scottish universities have their fees paid by the devolved Scottish Parliament. Office for National Statistics.
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Retrieved 2 December Publius: The Journal of Federalism. BBC Wales. The English flag is a red cross on a white background.
This cross is the cross of Saint George , who is the patron saint of England. Some other symbols used for England are a red rose and three lions.
England is the largest part of the island of Great Britain , and it is also the largest constituent country of the United Kingdom.
To the east and south, and part of the west, England is bordered by sea. France is to the south, separated by the English Channel. Ireland is a large island to the west, divided into Northern Ireland which is part of the United Kingdom, and the Republic of Ireland.
London is the largest city and the capital. The longest river in England is the River Severn. Other large rivers are the Thames which runs through London , the Trent and the Humber.
England was named after a Germanic tribe called the " Angles ", who settled in Central, Northern, and Eastern England in the 5th and 6th centuries.
A related tribe called the " Saxons " settled in the south of England. That is why that period of English history is called "Anglo-Saxon".
For most of this time, England did not exist as a united country. The Anglo-Saxons lived in many small kingdoms, which slowly united. It also corresponds with language differences, since the German tribes did not reach those areas, at least in any large numbers.
The English language is derived from German languages of the time, whereas the native British languages of the time were Celtic languages.
The English kingdoms fought both the Scots, who were also uniting into one kingdom, and Danish invaders. The Danes formed their own large region in the Northeast of England called Danelaw.
Many villages and towns in this area particularly in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire have Danish names, and use some Danish-based words.
At one time Wessex in the West of England was the only English kingdom left. After many battles, King Alfred the Great of Wessex became king of the whole of England, and the old kingdoms Mercia , Northumbria , etc.
War with the Danes continued and from to , the king of Denmark Knut or Canute ,who died in ,and then his sons ruled England.
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